Though acne is common, acne lesions often result when acne is left untreated. Misconceptions about the causes of acne usually result in ineffective or damaging “treatments.”
Many people believe acne is caused by heredity, certain foods, dirt, or stress, acne (acne vulgaris) is simply the result of naturally occurring oils (sebum) produced by the sebaceous glands at the base of hair follicles. Though acne can affect people of any age, these glands become more active when we reach puberty. Clogged pores, most often on the face, chest and back, allow a build-up of sebum which then stimulates normally occurring harmless bacteria to multiply and inflame nearby skin cells.
Acne lesions show up in a few different ways. A "blackhead" also known as an open comedone or papule, a "whitehead" also known as a closed comedone or pustule are common. Still deeper, it forms a nodule or cyst. Once inflammation sets in, these lesions can become frustrating, painful and hard to get rid of. As well, if squeezed, potentially allowing infection to spread. The deeper cysts, when inflamed, become obvious as large red bumps.
Treatments available for acne range from Skinceuticals acne skincare, chemical peel, treatment on active acne, as well as acne scar revision.